Ayurveda is the traditional health science of India. The word 'Ayurveda' means Science of Life (Ayur means life and Veda means knowledge) which explains the knowledge of various guidelines to be followed to keep one healthy. So this is not only a medical system but also a way of life This science has a strong basis of Indian Philosophy, which has been handed down to us by means of ancient scripts on palm leaves.
Ayurveda has two main aims, which are the preservation of health in healthy people and curing of diseases in people with ailments.
Ayurveda instructs and proposes that every living and non-living being in this Universe is a unique combination of five eternal elements called Panchamahabhoo - thas, which are Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Ether. Human body is also made up of these elements in various compositions. There are three physiological temperaments or principles known as Tridosha, by means of which all the bodily functions of the human body are regulated. These are Vatha from Air and Ether, Pitha from Fire and Kapha from Earth and Water.
VATA -- The Air or Nerve System Humor
vata is dry, light, cold, mobile, active, clear, astringent, and it is dispersing. Vata season is autumn, time of day is afternoon and early morning.
VATA -Types and their Functions:
Vatadosha is further divided into 5 types according to it's seat and the different functions it carries
Prana Vata : Governs the senses, creative thinking, reasoning, enthusiasm,
Udana Vata : Governs quality of voice, memory, movements of thought
Samana Vata : Governs movement of food through digestive tract
Apana Vata : Elimination of wastes, sexual function, menstrual cycle
Vyana Vata : Governs blood flow, heart rhythm, perspiration, sense of touch
PITTA - The Fire Humor
PITTA -Types and their Functions
Alochaka Pitta : Controls functioning of the eyes
Bhrajaka Pitta : Responsible for healthy glow of the skin
Sadhaka Pitta : Controls desire, drive, decisiveness, spirituality
Pachaka Pitta : Responsible for digestion, assimilation, metabolism for healthy nutrients and tissues
Ranjaka Pitta : Responsible for healthy, toxin-free blood.
KAPHA -The Water Humor
Heavy, slow, cool, oily, liquid, dense, thick, static and cloudy qualities. These are the important qualities of kapha, and kapha is sweet and salty.
Kapha - Types and their Functions :
Tarpaka Kapha : Responsible for moisture for nose, mouth, eyes and brain
Bhodaka Kapha : Governs Sense of taste, which is essential for good digestion
Kledaka Kapha : Controls moisture of the stomach and intestinal mucosal lining
Avalambaka Kapha : Protects the heart, strong muscles, healthy lungs
Sleshaka Kapha : Lubricates the joints,Keeps skin soft and supple.